The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Shan mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated. It bears an edible juicy fruit called a peach or a nectarine. The specific epithet persica refers to its widespread cultivation in Persia, whence it was transplanted to Europe. It belongs to the genus Prunus which includes the cherry, apricot, almond and plum, in the rose family. The peach is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell.
Peach and nectarines are the same species, even though they are regarded commercially as different fruits. In contrast to peaches, whose fruits present the characteristic fuzz on the skin, nectarines are characterized by the absence of fruit-skin trichomes (fuzz-less fruit); genetic studies suggest nectarines are produced due to a recessive allele, whereas peaches are produced from a dominant allele for fuzzy skin.
The apple is a deciduous tree, generally standing (6 to 15 ft) tall in cultivation and up to 39 ft in the wild. When cultivated, the size, shape and branch density are determined by rootstock selection and trimming method. The leaves are alternately arranged dark green-colored simple ovals with serrated margins and slightly downy undersides. Blossoms are produced in spring simultaneously with the budding of the leaves, and are produced on spurs and some long shoots. flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually fades. The central flower of the inflorescence is called the "king bloom"; it opens first, and can develop a larger fruit. The fruit matures in late summer or autumn, and varieties exist with a wide range of sizes. Some consumers, especially those in Japan, prefer a larger apple, while apples below 2.25 in are generally used for making juice and have little fresh market value.
Mr. Jacks Fruits
The Yoshino is fast-growing evergreen that can handle poor soil and yet grow fast, choose the Yoshino Japanese Cryptomeria and you won’t be disappointed. Whether you want a specimen for a focal point, a matching pair to flank your doorway or an attractive belt of evergreen screening, this tree fits the bill.
Yoshino is faster growing than most Japanese cedar varieties, which makes it a good choice if you’re looking to plant a screen. A row of these trees will quickly form an attractive but effective barrier to anyone overlooking your garden. It’s dense enough that a well-situated line of them makes for a good windbreak, too, so if you want to tame a breezy spot around your home Yoshino is a good choice. Most gardeners, however, use it as a specimen tree and with its imposing size and appealing looks it’s a natural in that role.
The unusual foliage texture is what immediately attracts closer inspection. The color is a refreshing light forest green. The parent tree, the Cryptomeria japonica, turns a dark bronze/purple color in the winter and has large spaces between the whorls of branches.
The pear is native to coastal and mildly temperate regions of the Old World, from western Europe and north Africa east right across Asia. It is a medium-sized tree, 33–56 ft tall, often with a tall, narrow crown; a few species are shrubby. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, glossy green on some species, densely silvery-hairy in some others; leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lanceolate. Most pears are deciduous, but one or two species in southeast Asia are evergreen. Most are cold-hardy, withstanding temperatures between (−13 °F) and (−40 °F) in winter, except for the evergreen species, which only tolerate temperatures down to about (5 °F). The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink and have five petals. Like that of the related apple, the pear fruit is a pome, in most wild species (0.39–1.57 in) diameter, but in some cultivated forms up to (7.1 in) long and (3.1 in) broad; the shape varies in most species from oblate or globose, to the classic pyriform 'pear-shape' of the European pear with an elongated basal portion and a bulbous end.
Plums are a diverse group of species. The commercially important plum trees are medium-sized, usually pruned to 5–6 metres height. The tree is of medium hardiness. Without pruning, the trees can reach 12 metres in height and spread across 10 metres. They blossom in different months in different parts of the world; for example, in about January in Taiwan and early April in the United Kingdom. Fruits are usually of medium size, between 1 and 3 inches in diameter, globose to oval. The flesh is firm and juicy. The fruit's peel is smooth, with a natural waxy surface that adheres to the flesh. The plum is a drupe, meaning its fleshy fruit surrounds a single hard seed.
Fig trees are a branch of Ficus and are a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The common fig (F. carica) is a temperate species native to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean region, which has been widely cultivated from ancient times for its fruit, also referred to as figs. The fruit of most other species are also edible though they are usually of only local economic importance or eaten as bushfood. However, they are extremely important food resources for wildlife. Figs are also of considerable cultural importance throughout the tropics, both as objects of worship and for their many practical uses.
The Li jujube is a sweet, crisp flesh can be eaten fresh or dried. Fruit is about 1 1/2 inches long, round and plump with a small pit. Li jujube can be picked yellow-green and will finish ripening off the tree to wrinkled, mahogany color. Partially self-fruitful, but yield will increase in the company of another Jujube variety. An outstanding Jujube with sweet apple flavor and attractive shiny leaves. Jujubes do well in hot interior regions and are very drought tolerant. Tree is 5/8" caliper, 5-6 feet tall.
Originally was discovered in China and imported by Frank N. Meyer who found that this cultivar is in full bloom in June, and the fruit set takes place then and ripens in late July in Georgia being very precocious. The tree tends to branch outwards like an umbrella form. Round shaped fruits are larger than Lang. Reddish brown, dry and wrinkled, sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early fall. Attractive, easy to grow tree: hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Very low chilling requirement.